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Updated Handysize Bulker Site

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发表于 2021-11-25 08:08:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Purpose And General Use Of Seagoing Bulk Carriers

The operations of seagoing bulk carrier ships was fraught with dangers. Shipboard safety issues that are important require careful planning and caution. This site is designed to serve as a quick reference for international shipping communities. It provides information and guidance on loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the limitations set by the classification society. It is essential to minimize the chance of stressing too much on the structure of the ship and complying with all essential safety measures for a secure sea crossing. Our detail pages provide information on a variety of bulk carrier-related subjects that might be interesting to people working on board or ashore at the terminal.

General features of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers could be single-deck vessels. They have top-side tanks as well as side tanks for hoppers. They are typically used in cargo areas. They are built to carry bulk bulk materials. Solid bulk cargo is anything that is not gas or liquids made up of a mixture of granules and particles. It can be loaded directly into cargo spaces without any form of confinement. Grain, sugar, and ores in bulk are some examples of dry cargo. The bulk carrier is a vessel that is used primarily to carry bulky or liquid cargo. This could also encompass tankers. In ordinary usage, however the term is typically applied to vessels that are designed to carry bulk solid cargos, usually grains and other agricultural products as well as mineral products such as stone, coal, ore, etc. in one or more voyage legs.   Check out this ore carrier info for more.

  

What Is A Bulk Car  What Are The General Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers? Are:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

-Carrying capacity varying from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12 to 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
small to medium sized bulk carriers (carrying capacity up to 40000 tonnes) generally include cargo handling equipment, while larger vessels use facilities on the shore for loading and unloading
Cargo hold dimensions are usually large without obstructions. They also have larger hatch sizes that allow for easy loading/unloading.
The majority of bulk carriers have a ballast hold. It can be utilized during ballast voyages to increase stability. It's also possible to ballast in part, but it is only permitted for ports.
They are equipped with hydraulic, single pull or stacking (piggy- back) steel hatch covers
-Four types of ballast tanks:
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks

Bulk solid cargo? Any material other than liquid or gas, consisting of a combination of particles, granules or any larger pieces of material generally of uniform composition and loaded directly into the cargo containers without any intermediary form of containment. There are a variety of cargoes that are transported by bulk carriers. They include food and minerals that can react with each others or with water sources. It is crucial to clean the cargo space prior to load it. Surveyors are typically required to verify that the space is prepared to be loaded. To prevent contamination, it is essential that all traces of previous cargoes are removed. Water is the primary cause of destruction to bulk cargoes. Therefore, it is vital that the holds are dry in order to allow cargo. Hatch covers should also be watertight in order to stop water from getting in. Every fitting (ladders or pipe guards, as well as bilge covers) within the hold must be inspected. You must inspect each fitting in the hold (ladders,pipe guards,bilge covers...) to make sure that they are in good functioning order. If they're not properly fitted, the equipment may cause severe damages to conveyor systems which could lead to delays. Have a look at this dry bulk cargo site for more.

  

Bulk Carrier or Bulker? A vessel that is designed to carry dry cargo. A typical bulk carrier has only a single deck, one skin, and a double bottom. It also includes topside tanks, and cargo space tanks. Bulk carriers are designed to carry with the highest deadweight of bulk cargo of any kind from heavy ore to light grain . The procedure of loading, transporting and then releasing dry bulk cargo is more difficult than many people imagine.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes pose dangers and can be altered during passage. The ship may be damaged by improper loading e.g. loading the forward hold to its max can result in the vessel to bend. This is known as stress. can lead to life-threatening situations at sea during severe weather. In addition, leftovers from earlier cargoes could cause serious harm to the future cargoes. Some bulk cargoes are also vulnerable to damage from water. cement power. It's not easy to determine the true the weights or amounts of cargoes that are loaded or discharged. All of these elements have significant consequences on the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes can form a conical shape when loaded on conveyor belts. The angle formed by this cone is known as the'angle of repose'. It varies with each cargo. Iron ore cargoes, in contrast, form an angled cone that is steep. Cargoes whose flow is free will form cones that are shallower. A cargo with a low angle of repose is at risk of possibility of shifting during the passage. Bulldozers may need to be used for some cargoes in order to spread the load onto the sides of the container as the cargo is close to being completed. Many dry-bulk carriers are dependent on facilities at the shore for cargo discharge or loading. However bulk carriers could offer self-unloading with conveyors in the cargo hold or on decks.
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